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An illustration of David shepherding sheep, like the metaphor in Psalm 23.
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10 mins

Sunday School Lesson: David and the 23rd Psalm

Use this Sunday school lesson with kids of all ages from the popular Kids’ Travel Guide to the 23rd Psalm. Find more great Sunday school lessons to help kids grow in their

Travel Itinerary

Psalm 23 is one of the most well-known and often-quoted psalms in the Bible. Its message of comfort and reassurance is welcome at any time in life.

Use this lesson to help kids realize that the 23rd Psalm speaks directly to them. Show them that God knows what they face in their lives, and that he’s right there with them—whether they’re tired, facing decisions, or even afraid.

Help your kids see that God, our loving shepherd, wants us to be with him forever.

Pathway Point:

God loves and watches over us.

In-Focus Verse:

Psalm 23

Departure Prayer  (up to 5 minutes)

Set out a supply of scrap paper, and have kids form a circle. Say: Think about some problems you’re facing right now; then take a few pieces of paper, and on each one write a word that describes a different problem. When you’re done, scrunch each paper into a ball. You’ll need these in a minute.

Choose two kids to hold the ends of the beach towel up in the air so it’s flat. Say: Our towel-holders will hold the towel in the air like a bridge for us to go under. As each person goes under the towel, he or she will pause a moment or two, and the rest of us will toss our paper “problems” in the air over the towel. When you toss, just call out a problem, then pick up another paper problem and do the same thing. Keep doing this until everyone has gone under the towel. Remember, we’re tossing up into the air, not throwing at anyone. Okay? Here we go.

Form a line on one side of the towel, and let kids take turns ducking under the towel, pausing, and moving to the other side. As each child goes under the towel, other kids will toss their paper wads into the air, pick up new paper wads from the floor, and continue to throw them into the air and call out problems. During the game, rotate kids to hold the towel so everyone gets a chance to walk under it.

After a few minutes, call time. Ask kids to gather the paper problems and sit in a circle with you. Make sure everyone has at least one.

Debriefing the Activity


  • What was it like to be under the towel when the paper problems were flying?
  • How is this like the way God loves and cares for us?

Say: Just as the towel gave us protection in our game, God’s love for us is kind of like an umbrella that gives us protection in real life. Of course, some of you got bonked on the head in our game. And in life, we all face problems sometimes. But even if God allows problems, he’s always, always with us. God loves and watches over us.

Let’s thank God for his wonderful and powerful love. We’ll go around the circle, and each person will place a paper problem in the middle of the circle and thank God for loving us when we face that particular problem. You may want to say something like, “Thank you, God, for loving us when we face problems at school.” No matter how many paper wads you have, just say one problem. I’ll start.

Begin the prayer by placing a paper wad in the circle and thanking God for being with us when we face the problem you name. Then go around the circle and let each child contribute. Close the prayer by thanking God for his love and care for us.

Keep the paper wads for use in the Story Excursion experience.

Big Plans (10 minutes)

In this experience, kids will discover that God has a plan for their lives, just as he did for David.

Gather kids and say: Let’s find out more about how God loves and watches over us. In the coming weeks, we’re going to look at parts of the 23rd Psalm in detail. Today we’re going to look at the whole psalm.

A man named David wrote the 23rd Psalm. David was an important person in the Bible. He was even a relative of Jesus—he lived many years before Jesus, of course. But David didn’t start out so important. He started out as a simple shepherd boy, and he ended up being king!

None of the good things in David’s life would’ve happened without God’s love and care. It’s the same way with us. God loves and watches over us throughout our entire lives.

Right now, you’re still young. But God has big plans for your life.

The Bible says so. Listen to what the Bible says. Read aloud Jeremiah 29:11. Now think of a dream or hope you have for your life. While you’re thinking, I’ll pass out supplies.

Drawing Our Hopes

Give each person a sheet of white paper, a white or light-colored crayon, a dark crayon, and a paper clip.

Say: Use your light-colored crayon to write a word or draw a picture that shows something good you hope for in your life. Maybe someday you’d like to be a great athlete, a person who works with animals, someone who teaches children, or someone who tells others about God’s Word. Or maybe there’s something you’re hoping for right now, like doing better in school!

Give kids time to write or draw. When everyone has finished, say: Now use your dark-colored crayon to color over all of what you just wrote or drew.

Younger kids may strongly resist coloring over their drawings—reassure them that their drawings won’t be lost, and promise the drawings will actually reappear in a cool way.

As kids are coloring, say: Sometimes we face worries and may think God isn’t caring for us. David wrote some psalms that asked God to hurry up and protect him or that asked God not to forget him.

But God never forgot David, and he never forgets us. God is always watching out for us. God loves and watches over us—all the time—even if we can’t quite see it. I’ll show you what I mean.

Show kids how to use the edge of a paper clip to scratch away the dark crayon coloring on their paper. What they wrote or drew with the light-colored crayon will reappear.

Say: Look! Your hope for something good is still there, even when you couldn’t see it.

Activity Debrief


  • How is the dark coloring like our problems or worries?
  • What can we do to help us remember that, no matter what’s going on in our lives, God’s still watching over us?

Say: God’s love and care are always with us. 

We can get caught up in our own problems or worries that we don’t see God. But God loves and watches over us in every situation, just as he did for David. Let’s find out more about this guy who wrote the 23rd Psalm.

Discovering David (20 minutes)

This activity will take kids on a quick tour of David’s life, helping them discover how his words in Psalm 23 apply to their lives.

Ahead of time, write or print and cut apart the instructions for each of the four Travel Stops below. Then create the Travel Stops in your room. At each Travel Stop, place the appropriate instructions (face down) and a Bible. Kids will need to add their paper wads from the Departure Prayer. You’ll also need to draw a fierce face on one poster board to represent Goliath and paint a blue lake or stream on the other. Set up each Travel Stop as follows:

Travel Stop 1

Close to a wall, place markers and a basket to hold about half the paper wads from the Departure Prayer. On the opposite wall, place something to represent “still water”—such as a large piece of white poster board with a blue lake painted on it.

Travel Stop 2

Place markers and a pad of sticky notes.

Travel Stop 3

In a corner of the room, place markers and the rest of the paper wads. High up on the wall, tape the poster board with the fierce Goliath face drawn on it.

Travel Stop 4

Place yellow construction paper (one sheet per person), markers, scissors, and tape on a flat work surface.

Pretend you don’t notice when kids are sticking you with sticky notes. You might want to station yourself at Travel Stop 4 and help kids with the crown-making activity.

Talking About Psalm 23

Open your Bible to Psalm 23, and show kids the passage. Say: David wrote the 23rd Psalm—and a bunch of the other psalms in the Bible, too.

I’m not sure when he wrote this psalm, whether he was young or old. But it’s a great example of how God loves and watches over us, no matter how old we are.

Form four groups, and assign each group to one of the Travel Stops. Tell kids not to turn over the instructions until you say “go.”

Say: At each of these stops, you’ll explore a part of Psalm 23 and a part of David’s life. You’ll have a few minutes at each Travel Stop, and I’ll let you know when it’s time to move to the next stop. Are you ready? Turn over your instructions and begin!

Give kids a few minutes at each Travel Stop. When kids have rotated through all four stops, have them sit in a circle with you.


  • Talk about your favorite Travel Stop.
  • Tell why you chose to write what you did on your crowns.
  • What’s the favorite thing you learned about David?
  • How does this help you understand Psalm 23 better?
  • What feelings did David express in just this one psalm?

Say: David expressed many feelings in just this one psalm. (If kids don’t mention the following, mention them also: He acknowledged God for all God provides. He talked about how God guided him in making right decisions. He said that even when he was scared, God was with him. And he said that God not only gave him blessings here on earth, God offered him eternal life, too.) That’s a lot to say in such a short space! Let’s try writing our own psalms.

My Own Psalm (10 minutes)

This experience will help kids discover that Psalm 23 applies directly to them.

Give each person a sheet of paper and a pencil.

Say: Let’s try writing our own psalms to God, using the four parts of David’s psalm I’ve written down. If you need to refresh your memory, feel free to read Psalm 23 as many times as necessary. Mention things from your life in your psalm, just as David did. Your psalm doesn’t have to be long, and you won’t have to show it to anyone else if you don’t want to. Just write about how God helps you in these four areas.

Give kids time to write, and offer help as needed. When everyone has finished, gather kids. Ask willing kids to share the psalms they wrote.


  • How can the psalm you wrote help you this week?

Say: Psalms are a way of talking to God, which is good to do any time. This week remember what you wrote. Hang your psalm in your room at home, or put it in a school notebook. Let it help you remember that just as God loved and watched over David, God loves and watches over us.

Write these four themes of David’s psalm on a chalkboard or sheet of poster board for kids to refer to. The parts are

(1) God’s provision

(2) God’s guidance in making right decisions

(3) God’s help when we’re afraid

(4) God’s blessings and promise of eternal life

The Lord Is My Shepherd (10 minutes)

Kids will begin their Travel Journals and create their first Souvenir.

This experience will help kids see that God, through the Bible, speaks directly to each of us.

Give each person a pen or pencil and a blank sheet of paper.

Say: God loves and watches over us. To help you understand that for sure, read through Psalm 23 on your handout. Write your own name on all the blank lines.

Give kids time to write. When they’ve finished, ask:

  • How does writing your own name in Psalm 23 make it seem different from when you first heard the psalm as David wrote it?
  • What’s one thing you can do this week to remember how God loves and watches over you?

Psalm 23 With Motions

Say: Let’s thank God right now for his incredible love for us.

Say: There are all sorts of ways to talk to God. We can speak to him, write to him as David did, sing to him, and even dance for him. David did that once, but that’s a whole different part of the Bible. For now, let’s combine a few methods as we pray to God. I’ll say verses of Psalm 23, adding a motion. Then you’ll repeat the words and motions. Here we go.

Have kids stand in a circle with you. Say Psalm 23 aloud and lead kids in the following motions.

The Lord is my shepherd; (point to self)

I have all that I need. (stretch arms out wide)

He lets me rest in green meadows; (put palms together at one side of face)

He leads me beside peaceful streams. (make wavelike motions with hands)

He renews my strength. (make muscles)

He guides me along right paths, (walk in place)

Bringing honor to his name. (point up)

Even when I walk through the darkest valley, (cup hands over eyes)

I will not be afraid, (hug self)

For you are close beside me. (point left and right)

Your rod and your staff protect and comfort me. (cross fists in front of you)

You prepare a feast for me in the presence of my enemies. (pretend to eat)

You honor me by anointing my head with oil. (touch hands to head)

My cup overflows with blessings. (cup hands in front of you)

Surely your goodness and unfailing love will pursue me all the days of my life, (turn in a circle)

And I will live in the house of the Lord forever. (stretch arms up high)


Psalm 23 Stations

Directions: Write or print and cut apart the four sections below, and place each at the appropriate Travel Stop.

Travel Stop 1

Read Psalm 23:1-2 together.

  • David was a shepherd boy when he was young.
  • Take two of the paper wads, and write one word on each that describes something good God gives you. Then guide your sheep (those paper wads) across the room to the “water” and back—without using your hands.

Travel Stop 2

  • Read Psalm 23:3 together.
  • One time, after they became enemies, David could have killed Saul, but he knew that wouldn’t please God. Instead, he snuck up on Saul and secretly cut off part of his robe.
  • Write one word on a sticky note that stands for something you need God’s help with. Then take the note, sneak up on your leader, and stick it on his or her back. Don’t get caught!

Travel Stop 3

  • Read Psalm 23:4 together.
  • When David was young, he faced an enemy who was big—really big—like 10 feet tall! He killed this giant, who was called Goliath, using only a few small stones and a slingshot.
  • Take two or three of the paper wads, and on each one write one worry or fear that you’d like God to help you with. Then see how many times you can hit Goliath with your paper “stones.”

Travel Stop 4

  • Read Psalm 23:5-6 together.
  • God cared for David, and he took him from being a shepherd boy to being king.
  • Your job is to make a kingly crown to wear. On your crown, write the first thing you’d do to bless others if you were king.

travel-guide-twenty-third-psalmWant more lessons like this? Check out Group’s bestselling Travel Guide series.

Looking for more lessons? Check out these ideas!

10 thoughts on “Sunday School Lesson: David and the 23rd Psalm

  1. Linda Sullivan

    Thank you for the work you put into this lesson. I will use it for a four week study for elementary children. This lesson is awesome.

  2. Thank you for the lesson it is really useful. I can use it for my own class. These ideas are really good. Kids are going to have a awesome class.

  3. Thank you so much for this lesson. Thanks for the ideas you share it really help us and give more understanding to the children through this activity. Kids will be more excited.

  4. So enriching. Loved it

  5. Ramona Sherman

    I can’t wait to try this lesson. It was fun for myself reviewing the lesson.
    Thank you

    • Sierra Archuleta

      Thanks Ramona! We hope the children in your ministry enjoy the lesson too.

  6. This is very interesting and amazing. Thank you so much

    • Sierra Archuleta

      Thank you Tigist, we are so glad you enjoyed this Sunday School lesson.

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